Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that regulates mood and cognition. Unfortunately, dopamine levels decline as we age, resulting in decreased mental performance, depression, libido and "drive". Low dopamine is also linked to Parkinson's disease and accelerated brain aging. 6
Nootropics (also called "smart drugs") are cognitive enhancers, which help optimize brain functions – such as memory, cognition, creativity, mental/processing speed, focus and even intgelligence.10-13 Nootropics help boost BOTH mental and physical performance.
Stress disrupts multiple biochemical pathways, including cortisol production (a primary stress hormone), adrenal production (a primary cause of fatigue), pro-inflammatory enzyme production (a primary cause of disease) and neurotransmitter production (a primary cause of brain aging).7,14,15
Behind every physiological process your body needs to survive and thrive, are cellular "energy generators" known as mitochondria. They supply power to energy intensive organs like your heart, brain, liver and kidneys.19,21 Their function is so crucial that mitochondrial longevity may determine overall longevity in aging humans.18-22
The neurotransmitter acetylcholine is naturally present in almost every cell membrane in the body. A decline in acetylcholine levels coincides with advancing age and is a hallmark of neurodegeneration. Maintaining healthy acetylcholine function is essential to muscle control, sleep, and cognition.8,9
Oxygen shortage in the human body has been linked to every major illness, disease and cancer - both body and mind.4,5 You can help avoid this by enhancing cerebral metabolism, which helps maintain healthy blood flow and oxygen utilization.1-3 Additional benefits are improved muscular contraction, endurance, reflex and coordination.
As people age, their cells’ ability to produce physical and mental energy is diminished.16 Additionally, this "cellular energy deficit" is a critical factor in the onset of many health problems.16 However, higher levels of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) provides the specific cellular energy your molecules need, to increase "whole-body" energy levels.17